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Denture

 

Dentures

        When patients have lost their teeth due to injury or disease, one option for them is to have a denture. Dentures are acrylic prosthesis that have teeth mounted on top of them. Those teeth can be either plastic, porcelain or a resin hybrid.

         Dentures are categorized as complete full dentures or partial dentures. Until dental implants became popular most patients opted for either a full denture (those who were completely edentulous ) or a partial denture ( those who were partially edentulous ). With the popularity of dental implants, now there is a third general category and that is called  hybrid dentures. Hybrid dentures can be either a full or a partial. The reason they are called hybrids is that they are screwed in place but can be removed by a qualified dentist.

         Dentures use the patient’s supporting hard and soft tissue to gain retention so it can stay in the mouth properly. Many dentures that fall out easy could be as a result of not being constructed properly or if there is not enough soft or hard tissue to support it.  Dental implants have provided a solution to this problem by providing the necessary support to retain the dentures in place. The advancement in the field of dental implants has helped millions of patients to improve the quality of their lives.

The following are the list of advantages and disadvantages associated with dentures.

Advantages

Mastication:  Edentulous patients are capable of chewing their food

Esthetics: A denture will provide the patient necessary esthetic for supporting the facial muscles and the lips

Pronunciation: Because dentures replace the missing teeth, they will be able to provide the patient ability to speak and pronounce  words correctly
Self Esteem: Dentures allow patients to interact socially with other people without being embarrassed about their teeth. This in turn will allow edentulous patients to have more confidence and builds their self- confidence.

Transitional Prosthesis: Dentures are also used as a transitional prosthesis while patient is waiting to receive their final prosthesis.

Dis-Advantages:

Feeling Foreign: Dentures can feel foreign and bulky in the mouth.

Not Stable: Denture are not very stable as they are considered a removable prosthesis. Upon chewing, dentures can move, making it difficult to chew food properly.

Irritation:  Irritation is a constant issue with removable dentures as they tend to move around and food collects beneath them. This can create soreness for patients

Progressive Bone Loss:  Removable dentures that sit on the tissues directly cause bone loss of the underlying tissue requiring relines. Over a long period of time the jaw atrophy that is created by removable dentures can become a potential problem as the jaw gets thinner and becomes more prone to fracture.

Types of Dentures
Complete or full dentures replace all the teeth in the upper or lower jaw. A denture helps you to properly chew food, a difficult task when you are missing teeth. In addition, a denture may improve speech and prevent a sagging face by providing support for lips and cheeks.


Overdenture is a denture that uses precision dental attachments to hold the denture down. The overdenture attachment can be placed in tooth roots that have been saved, or placed into dental implants which have been placed to receive them. 


Immediate denture 
is constructed before teeth are removed so that you will not be without any teeth. Constructing immediate dentures involves taking impressions (making copies) of your mouth before the teeth are removed. When your remaining teeth are removed the denture can be inserted immediately. 


Partial denture is a removable dental appliance that replaces multiple missing teeth. It can be attached to the teeth with clasps (clasp or conventional partial) or it can be attached to the teeth with crowns with precision attachments (hidden clasps). Both types have a metal framework and plastic teeth and gum areas.
  Types of Dentures  

 

 

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